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L_RuscheDr. Laura Rusche

Associate Professor
Office: Cooke 653
Tel: 716-645-5198
Fax: 716-645-2975

B.S. Molecular Biophysics & Biochemistry, Yale University
Ph.D. Biochemistry, Cellular & Molecular Biology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Postdoctoral Research at University of California, Berkeley

Research Summary

Research in the Rusche lab focuses on chromatin and its impact on gene expression, genome stability, and chromosome function. One area of research focuses on Sir2 proteins (sirtuins), which deacetylate histones to repress transcription. Because sirtuins require NAD+ for activity, they are proposed to link the processes they regulate with nutrient availability. We are investigating how the functions of yeast sirtuins have shifted over the course of evolution to enable species to develop distinct responses to nutrient stress. Another area of research focuses on the nucleosome-binding protein Sir3, which partners with Sir2. We are reconstructing the steps by which Sir3 evolved through gene duplication from the conserved replication protein Orc1. For our studies, we employ yeasts as model organisms, taking advantage of the powerful classical genetic and contemporary comparative genomic approaches available in these species.

Selected Publications

  • Hanner, A.S., Rusche L.N. (2017)  The Yeast Heterochromatin Protein Sir3 Experienced Functional Changes in the AAA+ Domain After Gene Duplication and Subfunctionalization.  Genetics 207:517-528.  PMID:28827288 – Link
  • Rupert, C.B., Heltzel, J.M., Taylor, D.J., and Rusche, L.N.  (2016)  Sporadic gene loss after duplication is associated with functional divergence of sirtuin deacetylases among Candida yeast species. G3 6:3297-3305. PMID: 27543294 – Link
  • Kapoor, S., Zhu, L., Froyd, C., Liu, T., and Rusche L.N. (2015) Regional centromeres in the yeast Candida lusitaniae lack pericentromeric heterochromatin.  Proc Natl Acad Sci 112:12139-12144.  PMID: 26371315 – Link
  • Rusche, L.N., Hanner, A.S., Heltzel, J.M.H., Humphrey, K.M., Kapoor, S., and Rupert, C.B. (2015) Sirtuin Deacetylases in Fungi:  Connecting metabolism to lifecycle progression, stress response, and genome stability.  In: Epigenetics: Current Research and Emerging Trends, Caister Academic Press, edited by Brian P. Chadwick – Link
  • Tsai H.J., Baller J.A., Liachko I., Koren A., Burrack L.S., Hickman M.A., Thevandavakkam M.A., Rusche L.N., Berman J. (2014) Origin replication complex binding, nucleosome depletion patterns, and a primary sequence motif can predict origins of replication in a genome with epigenetic centromeres.  MBio 5:e01793-14.  PMID:  25182328 – Link
  • Froyd, C.A., Kapoor, S., Dietrich, F., and Rusche, L.N. (2013) The deacetylase Sir2 from the yeast Clavispora lusitaniae lacks the evolutionarily conserved capacity to generate subtelomeric heterochromatin. PLoS Genetics, 9(10):e1003935. PMID: 24204326 – Link
  • Froyd, C.A., and Rusche, L.N. (2011) The duplicated deacetylases Sir2 and Hst1 subfunctionalized by acquiring complementary inactivating mutations. Mol Cell Biol, 31:3351-3365. PMID: 21690292 – Link
  • Prescott, J.T., Safi, A., and Rusche, L.N. (2011) A region of the nucleosome required for multiple types of transcriptional silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics, 188:535-548. PMID: 21546544 – Link
  • Hickman, M.A., Froyd, C.A., and Rusche, L.N. (2011) Reinventing heterochromatin in budding yeasts: Sir2 and the origin recognition complex take center stage. Euk Cell, 10:1183-1192. PMID: 21764908 – Link
  • Hickman, M. A., and Rusche, L.N. (2010) The transcriptional silencing functions of the yeast protein Orc1/Sir3 subfunctionalized after gene duplication. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 107:19384-19389. PMID: 20974972 – Link
  • Lynch, P.J. and Rusche, L.N. (2010) An auxiliary silencer and a boundary element maintain high levels of silencing proteins at HMR in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics 185:113-127. PMID: 20176978 – Link
  • Rusche, L.N. and Rine, J. (2010) Switching the mechanism of mating-type switching: a domesticated transposase supplants a domesticated homing endonuclease. Genes Dev 24:10-14. PMID: 20047997 – Link
  • Hickman, M.A., and Rusche, L.N. (2009) The Sir2-Sum1 repressor complex uses promoter-specific and long-range mechanisms to regulate cell identity and sexual cycle in the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis. PLoS Genet 5: e1000710. PMID: 19893609 – Link
  • Lynch, P.J. and Rusche, L.N. (2009) A silencer promotes the assembly of silenced chromatin independently of recruitment. Mol Cell Biol. 29:43-56. PMID: 18955502 – Link 
  • Rusche, L.N., and Lynch, P.J. (2009) Assembling heterochromatin in the appropriate places: A boost is needed. J. Cell Physiol. 219:525-528. PMID: 19259946 – Link
  • Safi, A., Wallace, K.A., and Rusche, L.N. (2008) Evolution of a new function through a single amino acid change in the yeast repressor Sum1p. Mol Cell Biol. 28:2567-2578. PMID: 18268008 – Link
  • Hickman, M.A. and Rusche, L.N. (2007) Substitution as a mechanism for genetic robustness: The duplicated deacetylases Hst1p and Sir2p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. PLoS Genet 3:e126. PMID: 17676954 – Link
  • Rusche, L.N. and Hickman, M.A. (2007) “Evolution of silencing at the mating-type loci in hemiascomycetes” in Sex in Fungi: molecular determination and evolutionary implications.” Heitman, Casselton, and Kronstad editors, ASM – Link 
  • Lynch, P.J., Fraser, B.H., Sevastopoulos, E., Rine, J., and Rusche, L.N. (2005) Sum1p, the origin recognition complex, and the spreading of a promoter-specific repressor in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol 25:5920-5932. PMID: 15988008 – Link
  • Rusche, L.N., Kirchmaier, A.L., and Rine, J. (2003) The establishment, inheritance, and function of silenced chromatin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Ann Rev Biochem 72:481-516. PMID: 12676793 – Link
  • Rusche, L.N., Kirchmaier, A.L., and Rine, J. (2002) Ordered nucleation and spreading of silenced chromatin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Biol Cell 13:2207-2222. PMID: 12134062 – Link
  • Rusche, L.N., and Rine, J. (2001) Conversion of a gene-specific repressor to a regional silencer. Genes Dev 15:955-967. PMID: 11316790 – Link